How to tell if a customer is in financial trouble


Even businesses which take the most stringent of approaches to credit risk can be impacted by a customer unexpectedly finding themselves unable to pay invoices.

Particularly in today’s economic climate, businesses which were previously financially healthy could encounter challenges overnight, which can have a knock-on effect on your company.

So it’s important not just to monitor customers during the credit period, but also to be aware of the signs they might be in trouble financially.

Here are seven common indicators to watch out for:

1. Reluctance to provide key information

Any sort of reluctance to provide key business information could be an indication that something isn’t right.

So at the very outset of your relationship with a customer, send an account opening form to obtain key details.

This should include their full trading name, legal status, registration number, address and the key contact details of the management and contacts responsible for accounts payable.

It’s prudent to verify this information regularly to ensure it remains valid.

If you are suspicious for any reason, you might want to request full or partial payment upfront to limit the risks to your cash flow.

2. Strange client behaviour

Whilst account opening forms lay the foundations for getting to know your customers, your relationship with them can also provide indicators as to their financial health.

Creating a rapport with your customers is a great way to learn their normal behaviours so you can spot any sudden changes which could be a sign of trouble.

Whether it’s a change in their telephone manner or the tone of their emails, any sudden changes should spark alarm bells.

For repeat customers, look out for any changes to their typical buying and payment patterns. If they stop placing orders or their pattern drastically changes, or, say, they start paying a few days later than normal, these could be signs that they’re struggling.

Likewise, clients who are disorganised, indecisive, extremely over-critical or hesitant, especially if it’s out of character, could be a sign of trouble and, at the very least, you should proceed with caution.



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3. Missed or late payment

If a customer suddenly starts stalling payment or paying your invoices late, in part or not at all, this can be a strong signal that they could be experiencing financial difficulty.

Contact customers quickly if an invoice becomes overdue and make sure you routinely credit check all customers – existing and new.

This will reveal their current financial health and if they have a bad credit rating or any CCJs filed against them.

You could also look at their filed accounts, which will help you understand their financial health. Late filings in particular could be a sign of trouble.

As well as this, there are various places online where you can find evidence of poor payment. For example, the payment reporting regulations require all large businesses to report on their payment practices whilst the Prompt Payment Code shows those who have committed to paying promptly and signatories who have not adhered to the code.

Accessing this information could reveal if they have a history of missing payment deadlines.

If any of these sources reveal that your customer is a risk you should consider taking full or partial payment upfront.

4. Staff turnover

If a company has a high staff turnover, this could be a cause for concern.

That’s because, when a company is struggling, many employees will seek other employment, perhaps to escape an unpleasant working environment or to find better job security.

Another key indicator of financial trouble is when a number of top-level executives resign over a relatively short period of time.

If an employee leaves suddenly, don’t be afraid to ask questions to help you better understand the situation.

It’s also vital that you keep up-to-date contacts at the company so that you always know the most relevant person to contact for payment.

Without the right information you are likely to experience delays in payment.

5. Lack of communication

If a customer is suddenly harder to contact they could be avoiding you or unable to pay.

Perhaps your calls are going unanswered or you’ve left multiple messages without a reply, or letters haven’t been signed for or have been returned.

The moment that you realise your customer is becoming harder to reach you should investigate to protect your business.

If the customer disappears altogether, debtor tracing services exist which could help you locate even the most evasive customers.

6. Sudden changes to the business

Another sign that your customer might be in financial difficulty is sudden changes to the business.

As well as any changes in buying and payment patterns, sudden stock or asset sales, reduced service levels or even rapid growth could be a red flag.

Remember to keep a watchful eye on industry news too. This could highlight any challenges throughout the industry that could impact your client and their ability to pay you.

7. Gut feeling!

There’s a reason many people trust their gut – it’s usually right!

If you have a gut feeling that a customer is in financial difficulty, it’s worth exploring further. Learn to trust your instincts and, at the very least, treat these customers with caution.

How can you protect your business?

It’s important not to wait until you suspect a customer is in financial difficulty to take measures to protect your cash flow, as by then it may be too late.

Instead, ask new customers to complete account opening forms and ensure you’re routinely credit checking new and existing customers.

The more you know about your customers, the easier it is to spot when they might be in financial difficulty.

Learn more about how to assess and manage your credit risk here.

Credit insurance can also be a useful tool to protect businesses against the risks of bad debt by safeguarding your cash flow against debtor insolvency or protracted default.

Whilst facilities can be provided by credit insurance companies as a standalone product, bad debt protection can also be incorporated into an invoice finance facility, which will additionally advance up to 90% of an invoice’s value within 24 hours of its issue to help you keep cash flowing whilst trading on credit terms.

As a specialist commercial finance broker, we can introduce the most suitable credit insurance solution for your business’s requirements. Contact us on 0800 9774833 or request a call back to discuss your options.

Is your cash flow protected? Request a call back



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  • Partnership Invoice Finance
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  • Clear Factor
  • Tradeplus24
  • Barclays
  • Giant
  • Haydock Finance Ltd
  • Pulse Cashflow Finance
  • Blazehill Capital
  • MaxCap
  • Praetura Invoice Finance
  • Nationwide Finance
  • ABN AMRO Commercial Finance
  • InvoCap
  • Cynergy Business Finance
  • Team Factors
  • Investec
  • PNC Business Credit
  • Merchant Money
  • Royal Bank of Scotland
  • Davenham Trade Finance
  • Castlebridge
  • Woodsford Tradebridge
  • Leumi ABL
  • Roma Finance
  • eCapital Commercial Finance
  • Skipton Business Finance
  • Regency Factors
  • Accelerated Payments
  • 4Syte
  • Kriya
  • Aldermore Invoice Finance
  • Davenham Asset Finance
  • Lloyds Bank Commercial Finance
  • IGF Invoice Finance
  • Time Finance
  • Metro Bank SME Finance
  • Santander Corporate & Commercial
  • Close Brothers Invoice Finance
  • Optimum Finance
  • Sonovate
  • Ultimate Finance Group
  • Berkeley Trade Finance Ltd

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